Smart Factories are the Backbone of Industry 4.0
Smart factory symbolizes the evolution of traditional automation systems to a data-driven automated manufacturing system. This transformation can be viewed globally with emerging digital technologies such as the “Internet of Things” and “Robotics”. Collaborative efforts are required from industries, government and research institutions to help India achieve Digital Revolution
Smart factories integrate production, information, services, and platform through advanced technologies such as analytics, big data, IoT, cloud, smart mobility, logistics, etc. The traditional manufacturing industries are seen to increase their investments on these technologies for high efficiency, quality improvements, customization, and productivity gains.
The advent of industry 4.0 has lead Indian manufacturing industries to undergo a revolutionary transformation in their method of operation.“Make in India”, “Smart Cities Mission” and “Digital India” have been initiated by the Government of India to upgrade the manufacturing sectors. However, the recent trends suggest that India is still in the initial stages of embracing digital technologies. India has several resources such as growing market, a great workforce with diverse skills, demographic dividend, research and development centers, technology start-up base and government focus to proactively achieve digital revolution. In India, few industries have been observed to explore smart factory applications, while access to IoT, cloud, artificial intelligence and advanced analytics has been found to be the major challenges. The manufacturing sector is powered by the IoT urging decision makers to innovate and develop products considering the influence of Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning, and Virtual Reality (VR) in the manufacturing sector.
The continuous demand for faster, cheaper, and better quality products by the customers manifest the need to embrace change and technology in manufacturing sectors. Besides the major challenges encountered by the Indian industries are associated with infrastructure, data security, and privacy, standards-based interoperability, insufficient support to MSMEs. Consequently, collaborative efforts are required from industries, government and research institutions to help India achieve digital revolution.